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In the United States, more than one-third (79 million) of adults are considered medically obese. Obesity, which is defined as having too much body fat, is determined by a scale which dictates the level mild, severe, or morbid obesity. Morbid obesity is a severe health condition, which is diagnosed by determining someone’s BMI (Body Mass Index) A BMI is calculated by the ratio of an individual’s height, gender, age and weight. A normal BMI is around 20 to 25, whereas a person is considered morbidly obese if he or she has a BMI of 40 or higher.
As the percentage of morbidly obese adults is on the rise across the world, so too, is a startling rise in obesity rates among children. The current generation of school age children are the first, statistically, who are expected to live shorter lives than their parents, and obesity shares much of the blame. Obesity plays a role in many health conditions including; an increased risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep apnea, infertility, depression, and incontinence. The epidemic of obesity which is sweeping the world has caused not only an increase of fatalities due to obesity-related health complications, but a rise in medical costs, loss of a healthy labor pool, as well as aggravating some socioeconomic inequalities. Watch a brief video about morbid obesity bmi by just clicking the link.
While many morbidly obese individuals have found bariatric surgery to be their last and best chance, the first step to any weight loss, should be a restructuring of diet and activity levels. Weight gain at the obese levels, is most often caused by a number of environmental and lifestyle factors, including long hours sitting at a desk, a lack of outside activity, cheap convenient food items, high-caloric choices, and chronic overeating. Most surgeries work by constricting the amount of calories the individual is able to consume and/or absorb, leading to monumental loss over a short amount of time.